Edibles are commonly baked goods but can be a variety of things such as salad dressing, entrees, and sodas.
How do edibles work?
When consumed, the activated components of the cannabis plant are absorbed through the digestive system rather than directly into the bloodstream.
What are some things to know when consuming edibles?
- It takes time - start low and go slow
- Delivery method matters - For example a THC mint is absorbed in the mouth and reaches the bloodstream quickly vs brownies made with cannabutter are processed by the liver which slows the process down. Also consuming on a full vs empty stomach will make a difference.
- They are potent - Edibles are typically made with highly concentrated cannabis. Consider a 10 mg dose like one beer.
- Pay attention to the label - Make sure you know how many mgs you are eating in each edible.
- The effects are different - Generally edibles give a stronger body effect coupled with an almost psychedelic head high if taken in large doses. When properly consumed, edibles can offer a unique experience that provide lasting relief for certain medical conditions.
Can you get high from consuming raw cannabis?
Barely if at all. Raw cannabis is wet material straight off the plant. After it dries and cures it has activated THC and will get you high if eaten.
What is decarboxylation?
All cannabinoids contained within the trichomes or raw cannabis flower have an extra carboxyl ring or group (COOH) attached to their chain. These are broken down through the decarb process through heat and time and converted. (THCA to THC)
How does decarboxylation work?
- Heat and time cause decarboxylation. Drying and curing cannabis over time will cause partial decarboxylation to occur, which is why some cannabis flowers test for THC and THCA. Smoking and vaporizing will instantaneously decarboxylation cannabinoids due to extremely high temperatures making them instantly available for absorption.
- Edibles require these cannabinoids to be present in what we consume for our bodies to absorb them through digestion. Heating cannabinoids at lower temperature over time allows us to decarboxylate them while preserving the integrity of the material.
At what temperature does decarboxylation occur?
- THCA begins to decarboxylate at approximately 220 F after being exposed for 30-45 min.
- The integrity of cannabinoids and terpenoids are compromised at temperatures that exceed 300 F which is why temperatures in the 200F is recommended.